Find glossy snake information at Animal Diversity Web
Glossy snakes breed once yearly.
Glossy snakes breed in the spring and summer.
3 to 23; avg. 8
There are no known adverse effects of these snakes on humans.
Glossy snakes eat rodents and lizards, therefore controlling potential pest populations.
controls pest population.
Though currently not considered threatened, some populations of glossy snakes have been progressively reduced due to agricultural development and urbanization. No conservation plans have been developed to maintain populations due to this species' stable distribution, number of sub-populations, and population sizes. However, some populations are protected as they live national and state parks.
It has been suggested that this species includes a subspecies, Arizona elegans occidentalis.
Kristen Batko, The College of New Jersey
Matthew Wund, The College of New Jersey
Catherine Kent, Special Projects
Jeremy Wright, University of Michigan
2012. "Arizona Elegans" (On-line). CITES. Accessed November 12, 2012 at http://www.cites.org/eng/results.php?cites=arizona+elegans.
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2012. "U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service" (On-line). Glossy Snake (Arizona elegans). Accessed October 25, 2012 at http://ecos.fws.gov/speciesProfile/profile/speciesProfile.action?spcode=C06I.
Aldridge, R. 1979. Seasonal spermatogenesis in sympatric Crotalus viridus and Arizona elegans in New Mexico. Herpetologica, 13, 2: 187-192. Accessed October 13, 2012 at http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1563927?uid=3739808&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101263071371.
Aldridge, R. 1979. Female Reproductive Cycles of the Snakes Arizona elegans and Crotalus viridus. Herpetologica, 35, 3: 256-261. Accessed October 13, 2012 at http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3891696?uid=3739808&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101263071371.
Dixon, J. 1959. Geographic variation and distribution of the long-tailed group of the glossy snake, Arizona elegans Kennicott. The Southwestern Naturalist, 4, 1: 20-29. Accessed October 13, 2012 at http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/3669526?uid=3739808&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101263071371.
Ezaz, T., R. Stiglec, F. Veyrunes, J. Graves. 2006. Relationships between vertebrate ZW and XY sex chromosome systems. Current Biology, 16: R736-R743. Accessed February 23, 2013 at https://www.researchgate.net/publication/6840057_Relationships_between_vertebrate_ZW_and_XY_sex_chromosome_systems.
Feller, W. 1996. "Digital Desert" (On-line). Accessed October 30, 2012 at http://digital-desert.com/wildlife/snakes/glossy-snake.html.
Goldberg, S., C. Bursey. 2001. Helminths of six species of colubrid snakes from southern California. Bulletin of the Southern California Academy of Sciences, 100/2: 109-116. Accessed February 23, 2013 at http://www.freepatentsonline.com/article/Bulletin-Southern-California-Academy-Sciences/78974793.html.
Hammerson, G., D. Frost, G. Santos-Barrera, J. Vasquez Diaz, G. Quintero Diaz. 2007. "The IUCN Red List of Threatened Species" (On-line). Arizona elegans. Accessed October 13, 2012 at http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/63734/0.
Luiselli, L. 2006. Resource partitioning and interspecific competition in snakes: the search for general geographical and guild patterns. Oikos, 114, 2: 193-211. Accessed October 13, 2012 at http://onlinelibrary.wiley.com/doi/10.1111/j.2006.0030-1299.14064.x/abstract.
Matsubara, K., H. Tarui, M. Toriba, K. Yamada, C. Nishida-Umehara, K. Agata, Y. Matsuda. 2006. Evidence for different origin of sex chromosomes in snakes, birds, and mammals and step-wise differentiation of snake sex chromosomes. Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, 103: 18190-18195. Accessed November 12, 2012 at http://www.pnas.org/content/103/48/18190.full.pdf.
Mendelson III, J., W. Jennings. 1992. Shifts in the Relative Abundance of Snakes in a Desert Grassland. Journal of Herpetology, 26, 1: 38-45. Accessed October 13, 2012 at http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1565019?uid=3739808&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101263071371.
NatureServe. 2012. "Arizona elegans (Kennicott, 1859): Glossy Snake" (On-line). Nature Serve Explorer. Accessed February 23, 2013 at http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?searchName=Arizona+elegans.
Perry, L. 2004. "How Snakes Work" (On-line). How Stuff Works. Accessed November 12, 2012 at http://science.howstuffworks.com/environmental/life/zoology/reptiles-amphibians/snake.htm.
Rodriguez-Robles, J., C. Bell, H. Greene. 1999. Food Habits of the Glossy Snake, Arizona elegans, with Comparisons to the Diet of Sympatric Long-nosed Snakes, Rhinocheilus lecontei. Herpetologica, 33, 1: 87-92. Accessed October 13, 2012 at http://www.jstor.org/discover/10.2307/1565546?uid=3739808&uid=2134&uid=2&uid=70&uid=4&uid=3739256&sid=21101263071371.